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Finance GlossaryAutoregressive Model
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Autoregressive Model

Definition of Autoregressive Model

An autoregressive model uses one or more past values to forecast the current value of an asset.

The model assumes that past values can have an impact on the current value but the number of past values it takes into account can vary.
For example, an AR(1) model will use one preceding value, an AR(2) model will use two preceding values, and so on.

Related Terms

Fibonacci Retracement

A Fibonacci Retracement is a predictive technical indicator that is used to determine possible direction or trend reversal of a stock or index’s price with horizontal lines for potential support as well as resistance levels.

Fibonacci retracement in action

The logic behind tuning to a Fibonacci Retracement is the assumption that prices will reverse direction towards a previous price-level, especially after a new trend is in motion.

India VIX

India VIX is an index that measures volatility and market sentiment. The term VIX stands for Volatility Index and thus, the full form of India VIX is Indian Volatility Index.

A higher India VIX means higher volatility whereas India VIX would be lower due periods of low volatility. In fact, there are absolute values that help understand volatility via India VIX.

India VIX typically moves between 15 to 30, which represents a range that is considered “normal” as far as volatility is concerned.

However, India VIX has touched 90 during the 2008 financial crisis and trended near the value once again when the pandemic broke out in 2020.

Cost Inflation Index

A Cost Inflation Index or CII is used to calculate a financial security’s price after adjusting for inflation.

Cost Of Carry
Cost Of Revenue
Cover Order
Covered Call Option
Covered Interest Arbitrage
Covered Put
Cross Currency
Currency Futures
Currency Options
Currency Trading
Current Assets
Current Liabilities
Current Ratio
Custodian
Cyclical Stocks

Basis Trading

Basis trading means futures trading strategies that use the difference between the spot price and the futures contract price of a stock or commodity.

The difference between the spot and futures prices forms the “basis” for the trading strategy. Hence the name basis trading. These are the two ways in which a trader may use the basis:

  • Short the basis : Done if the price difference or basis is expected to reduce

  • Long the basis :Done if the price difference or basis is expected to increase

Equities

The term equities can be used to describe two different things. First, equities refers to stocks held by shareholders. Equities of this type represent residual ownership or stake in a company.

Second, equities are the amount of money shareholders shall receive in the event that a company is liquidated. In such a case, the equities will be calculated by subtracting the total debt from total assets.

Diversification

Diversification is the act of investing in more than one asset class, sector, industry, or country to mitigate risk. It is an investment strategy designed to reduce risk by pairing a volatile asset class like equities with a fixed income asset class like fixed deposits. Or, by investing in equities in one country and complementing it by investing a portfolio in stocks from another country.



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