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Finance GlossaryAverage True Range Atr
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Average True Range Atr

Definition of Average True Range Atr

The Average True Range (ATR) is a technical indicator used to measure market volatility, typically using the average of true ranges from 14 periods that can be daily, weekly, monthly, or even intraday values.

The formula for ATR is:

ATR = Previous ATR (n - 1) + True Rangen / n

n= number of periods
True Range = The greater/highest of these:

  • High - low (Day 1)
  • Absolute value of (Day 1’s high - Day 0’s close)
  • Absolute value of (Day 1’s low - Day 0’s close)

Related Terms

Cash Contract

A cash contract is an agreement between two parties in which the delivery of goods is involved at a predetermined price and date. Typically, bulk buyers like big companies enter into cash contracts on the spot price of a commodity.

These companies aren’t in the business of speculation. As a result, the delivery of goods is always involved in cash contracts, unlike futures where the contract can be settled with cash without taking delivery.

CANSLIM

CANSLIM is an acronym for a seven-step strategy to pick growth stocks by combining fundamental and technical analysis. Here’s the full form of CANSLIM:

  • Current quarterly Earnings Per Share (EPS): compare this fundamental indicator with the same figure from the previous quarter. If the figure grows (by 20% or more as a rule of thumb), the company is fundamentally strong.

  • Annual earnings: Compare this fundamental indicator from the previous years. If there’s year-on-year growth, the company is fundamentally strong. If the year-on-year growth is by 20-25%, even better.

  • New product or service: strong companies continue to innovate. That’s what this letter is about - checking if the company is continuously launching new products, services, or holding events.

  • Supply: a fundamentally strong business should have a good supply and demand when it comes to its goods, services, and stock. Executive supply of shares may reduce the value of the company - that’s why it should always be scarce in supply.

  • Leader: the company should be a leader in its own right, either in or across industries.

  • Institutional holding: a valuable company will have higher institutional ownership, the percentage of which should always be tracked.

  • Market trend: an investor must check whether the company or stock is going or against the trend by comparing it to broader indices.

Equity Market

The Equity Market is a place where shares are traded, money is raised, and stock is offered to investors. That's why it is divided into two categories:

  • Primary Market: An equity market where shares are offered to investors for the first time through IPOs while fundraising also happens through private placements.
  • Secondary Market: An equity market where shares, bonds, futures, options, more are traded

The primary market is typically over the counter but may be regulated in the case of exchange traded IPOs. The secondary market is often well-regulated as most securities listed are exchange traded.

EBITDA MARGIN

EBITDA margin is the ratio of Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation, and Amortization (EBITDA) by revenue, represented as a percentage. It is used to understand whether a company is profitable and as a valuation technique.

The formula to calculate EBITDA margin is: EBITDA Margin = (EBITDA/Revenue)*100

Just like EBITDA, the EBITDA margin also excludes non-cash expenses. That’s why a positive EBITDA margin doesn’t necessarily mean that a company is profitable.

Demat Account

A Dematerialized or Demat account is used to store shares and ETFs in the electronic format. It is linked to a bank account and is necessary for trading or investing that involves delivery, that is, where the asset is held overnight.



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