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Finance GlossaryAsk Or Offer Price
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Ask Or Offer Price

Definition of Ask Or Offer Price

The ask or offer price is the price at which an investor is willing to sell a security like stocks, bonds, currencies, ETFs, and others.

Related Terms

Bottom Line in Finance

Bottom line in finance is used to refer to a company’s crucial metrics like earnings, profits, net profits, earnings per share (EPS), and others.

Any move or action that can impact a company’s profit or net profit in a positive or negative direction is also referred to as the bottom line.

“Bottom line” is called such because the crucial metrics of a company are generally found at the bottom of a financial statement.

Exponential Moving Average

Exponential Moving Average (EMA) is a technical indicator used to follow price trends over a specific period of time. EMA assigns more weight to recent prices than older prices. The formula to calculate EMA is:

Exponential Moving Average = (K x (CP - PP)) + PP

C: Current Price of stock, currency, commodity, etc. P: The EMA of preceding periods K: Exponential smoothing constant

A Simple Moving Average (SMA) is used to calculate the value of the first period. Furthermore, the EMA can be used to identify support and resistance areas. However, it may not be optimal for identifying precise entry and exit points.

Book To Bill Ratio

Book to Bill ratio is the value you get by dividing the total worth of new orders received by the total worth of orders sold. The formula to calculate Book to Bill ratio is:

Book to Bill ratio: Total worth of new orders received / Total worth of orders billed

Book to Bill ratio helps companies understand the demand and supply for their goods or services. A Book to Bill ratio of more than 1 means that there’s more demand and less supply.

Whereas, a Book to Bill ratio of less than 1 means that there’s less demand and more supply. Using these indicators, the company can work on increasing or limiting production.

Enterprise Value

Enterprive Value is a metric used to determine the total value of a company. It is valuation technique used by companies to understand how much money they need to pay to acquire another company.

Conversely, Enterprise Value is also used to figure out the amount of money a company can get on selling their business. To calculate the EV of a company, the total market capitalization is combined with the net debt or cash subtracted from debt. The formula to calculate Enterprise Value is:

EV = Market Capitalization + Net Debt

Or

EV = Market Capitalization + Debt - Cash

Dividend Stocks

Dividend stocks are shares of companies that redistribute their profits to shareholders in the form of dividends. Such companies are typically industry or sector leaders with stellar reputations and track records.

How much dividend a company offers can be calculated with the dividend yield ratio or dividend per share.

Investors prefer to buy dividend stocks because they can either reinvest the dividends to buy more shares or earn passive income. Examples of dividend stocks in India include:

  • Coal India
  • Indian Oil Corporation (IOC)
  • ONGC
  • SAIL
  • Tata Steel

Floating Interest Rate

The rate of interest that changes across the tenure of a loan, generally every quarter, due to the government’s interest rate, market conditions, and other factors is known as a floating interest rate.

Personal loans and home loans are typical examples of borrowing that carry a floating interest rate. A point to note here: the floating interest rate is added on top of a base interest rate that is charged by lenders.



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