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Finance GlossaryDebt To Equity Ratio
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Debt To Equity Ratio

Definition of Debt To Equity Ratio

The debt to equity ratio is a measure of a company’s financial health that’s calculated by dividing liabilities from shareholder equity.

Debt to equity ratio: Total liabilities / Shareholder equity

A high debt to equity ratio means that a company is taking on more debt to run its business. A low debt to equity ratio means that a company is operating at low debt.

That’s why investors calculate the D/E ratio to understand a company’s ability to operate without debt. Generally, D/E is used for comparative analysis within sectors, not across industries because the ideal debt ratio may vary.

Related Terms

Capture Ratio

The capture ratio is used to measure the performance of an asset during market highs and lows by comparing it to a benchmark.

The result is expressed as a percentage and helps investors understand whether the asset manager was able to steer through volatility the right way. There are two types of capture ratios investors can turn to:

  • Up market capture ratio
  • Down market capture ratio

Here’s how to calculate the up market capture ratio:

Returns during market highs / Benchmark returns * 100

Here’s how to calculate the down market capture ratio:

Returns during market lows / Benchmark returns * 100

All Or None Order

An all or none order is an instruction to execute the entire order or none of it. For example, you place an order for 1000 shares with a contingency that it should be an all or none order.

If so, then the order will be not executed if 999 shares are available. The order will only go through if 1000 shares are available. Otherwise, the order will be canceled.

Delivery Date

The delivery date of a cash or derivative contract refers to the final day and time on which the underlying asset should be delivered to the contract holder to fulfil the terms and obligations of the contract.

Liabilities

Liabilities are debt that a company owes to individuals or financial institutions in the form of bonds, debentures, salary, tax, and others.Liabilities play an important role in the balance sheet of a company as it signals competence to existing and prospective stakeholders.

Indices

Indices are a collection of financial instruments that measure the performance of those very instruments.

For example, stock market indices like Nifty 50 and Sensex measure the top 50 and 30 stocks by market capitalization.

If indices go up, it generally means that the underlying stocks are performing well. The opposite is true when indices plummet.

By the way, there’s no limit to how many instruments an index can track. The Nifty Smallcap 250 tracks 250 stocks whereas Nifty Bank tracks 12 stocks.

Direct Public Offerings

A Direct Public Offering or DPO allows a company to issue shares directly to the public without an intermediary like investment banks. In the process, the company becomes publicly traded.

The cost of a DPO is known to be relatively low compared to an IPO.

Furthermore, the issuer of the DPO has control over the issue price while the paperwork and effort involved is also comparatively low. That said, the company must go through proper regulatory procedures during the process.



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