The ex-dividend date is the trading day on and after which a new buyer of the stock is not entitled to any dividends. Most traders say that a stock has gone ex-dividend when this happens.
Traditionally, the ex-dividend date is set a day before the record date when a company evaluates its records for existing shareholders. If a trader buys a stock that has gone ex-dividend from a seller, the one who'll get dividends is the seller.
The term face value refers to the actual price of a stock that’s obtained by dividing a company’s net value by its total shares outstandin.
The fair value of a stock, product, or service is the price at which the buyer and seller willingly agree on without being on the losing end of the deal.
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