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Finance GlossaryEx-Dividend Date
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Ex-Dividend Date

Definition of Ex-Dividend Date

The ex-dividend date is the trading day on and after which a new buyer of the stock is not entitled to any dividends. Most traders say that a stock has gone ex-dividend when this happens.

Traditionally, the ex-dividend date is set a day before the record date when a company evaluates its records for existing shareholders. If a trader buys a stock that has gone ex-dividend from a seller, the one who'll get dividends is the seller.

Related Terms

EBITDA MARGIN

EBITDA margin is the ratio of Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation, and Amortization (EBITDA) by revenue, represented as a percentage. It is used to understand whether a company is profitable and as a valuation technique.

The formula to calculate EBITDA margin is: EBITDA Margin = (EBITDA/Revenue)*100

Just like EBITDA, the EBITDA margin also excludes non-cash expenses. That’s why a positive EBITDA margin doesn’t necessarily mean that a company is profitable.

Defensive Stock

A defensive stock refers to the shares of iconic companies that generate stable and consistent returns and dividends, regardless of the market conditions.

Defensive stocks are rare because companies that have defense against every market condition are rare.

While defensive stocks may not generate high returns, they are known to add stability and defense against declining economic conditions. In India, stock of ITC Limited is an example of a defensive stock.

Bracket Order

A bracket order is used in intraday trading to limit downside and lock upside by placing three types of orders together:

  • Buy or sell order at market price
  • Target order to square off & book profits
  • Stop-loss order to limit loss

Capital Gains Tax

Capital gains are profits, which means they can be taxed. The rate of taxation is based on the type of asset (debt/equity) and holding period. Here is the list of ways capital gains are taxed in India:

Asset Type Gains Type Holding Period Tax Rate
Equity Short Term Capital Gains < 1 year 15%
Long Term Capital Gains > 1 year 10%
Debt Short Term Capital Gains < 3 years As per I-T slab
Long Term Capital Gains > 3 years 20%

Delivery Notice

A delivery notice is produced by the seller of a commodity futures contract. It is proof of confirmation of the sellers intention to physically deliver the underlying commodity to the buyer at the pre-agreed date.

Interest Rate Risk

Interest rate risk refers to the probable decline in the value of a fixed income security because of a fluctuation in the interest rate. Fixed income securities lose value when interest rates rise whereas a bond or other debt instruments become more valuable when interest rates fall. Equity shares and securities do not carry interest rate risk.



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