A Foreign Portfolio Investment includes stocks, bonds, ETFs, derivatives, and other financial instruments from another country. Generally, FPIs do not give an investor the right to ownership or a controlling stake in any organization.
Instead, FPIs act as a passive income vehicle. That’s why FPIs are different to Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in which an ownership stake is acquired with the intention of controlling and influencing business decisions.
Forex futures trading is the buying and selling of exchange-traded futures contracts for currency pairs . A forex futures contract gives the holder the right and the obligation to buy or sell a pair of currencies at a predetermined price and date. The important components of forex futures trading include:
Forex options are exchange-traded derivative contracts that give the right but not the obligation to buy or sell a pair of underlying currencies at a pre-agreed price and date. Forex options are also known as currency options.
The forward market is a place where forward contracts are traded. A forward is an over-the-counter derivative that carries a pre-agreed expiration date and price on which the contract must be exercised. It carries a right and an obligation.
The forward price is the final value at which a forward contract is exercised, that is, delivered to the buyer by the seller. It is different from the spot price of the underlying asset as it includes the cost of carry like interest rates, storage cost, and other carrying charges. The formula to calculate forward price is:
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