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Finance GlossaryHammer Candlestick Pattern
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Hammer Candlestick Pattern

Definition of Hammer Candlestick Pattern

A Hammer Candlestick pattern occurs when a stock, commodity, or currency opens much lower than its previous closing price but moves close to or above the the same price at the close. The pattern looks like a hammer, hence the name “Hammer Candlestick”.

The candlestick can be read as follows:

  • The main body shows the difference between the financial security’s opening and closing price.
  • The wick (shadow) of the candlestick shows the high and low prices of the security for the day.

Related Terms

Ichimoku Cloud

Ichimoku Cloud is a group of technical indicators that’s used to understand trends, momentum, support, and resistance by calculating averages. Furthermore, the Ichimoku Cloud indicator is made up of two components:


  • TenkanSen: The short-term indicator
  • KijunSen: The long-term indicator

There’s a cloud that’s formed as a result of plotting the averages and using the components on a chart. One glance at this cloud can tell you multiple things like:


  • Uptrend: If the price is above the cloud
  • Downtrend: If the price is below the cloud
  • Neutral: If the price is in the cloud

Moreover, if the cloud and the price are moving in the same direction, there’s much more confidence in the trend that’s forming. In fact, it’s a trading signal.

Implied Volatility In Options

Implied volatility in options is a measure of the expected volatility of the underlying stock over the period of the options tenure. You could say that an option’s premium is related to the implied volatility - the change in the underlying share’s value over time affects the share price. In fact, the implied volatility rises when the options premium rises.

Back Months

“Back months” is used to refer to futures contracts that have a delivery date that’s due far into the future. Back months is generally known to be a popular term in commodity trading.

Enterprise Value

Enterprive Value is a metric used to determine the total value of a company. It is valuation technique used by companies to understand how much money they need to pay to acquire another company.

Conversely, Enterprise Value is also used to figure out the amount of money a company can get on selling their business. To calculate the EV of a company, the total market capitalization is combined with the net debt or cash subtracted from debt. The formula to calculate Enterprise Value is:

EV = Market Capitalization + Net Debt

Or

EV = Market Capitalization + Debt - Cash

Free Float Market Capitalization

Full market capitalization is the market value of the total shares outstanding issued by a company, including public and private stock. This includes stock that’s locked-in and unexercised. That’s why full market capitalization is also referred to as total market capitalization.

Hedging

Hedging is a risk management technique where potential loss is offset by securing a safer, more stable trade. For example, buying stock (risky) and offsetting the risk with commodity (stable) is a common hedging practice in the securities market.

In the derivatives market, hedging is followed by merchants and businesses who want to protect against adverse price movements in commodities or currencies. They do so by entering into a futures or options contract.



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