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Finance GlossaryCompany Debentures
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Company Debentures

Definition of Company Debentures

A debenture is a debt instrument that a company uses to take out a loan in exchange for a fixed interest rate. Debentures can either be used to refer to bonds or documents created in exchange for a medium to long-term loan.

Related Terms

Capital Gains Tax

Capital gains are profits, which means they can be taxed. The rate of taxation is based on the type of asset (debt/equity) and holding period. Here is the list of ways capital gains are taxed in India:

Asset Type Gains Type Holding Period Tax Rate
Equity Short Term Capital Gains < 1 year 15%
Long Term Capital Gains > 1 year 10%
Debt Short Term Capital Gains < 3 years As per I-T slab
Long Term Capital Gains > 3 years 20%

Filing

Fililng is the process of submitting important information and documents to SEBI before an Initial Public Offer (IPO). This term is commonly used when a company submits a Draft Offer Document, Draft Red Herring Prospectus (DRHP), and Final Offer Documents in order to go public.

The process of filing any document with SEBI before an IPO is done to ensure that a company is completely compliant and transparent. That’s how SEBI ensures that public investors can make informed decisions. Thus, filing is a crucial step in the IPO process.

Cost Inflation Index

A Cost Inflation Index or CII is used to calculate a financial security’s price after adjusting for inflation.

Cost Of Carry
Cost Of Revenue
Cover Order
Covered Call Option
Covered Interest Arbitrage
Covered Put
Cross Currency
Currency Futures
Currency Options
Currency Trading
Current Assets
Current Liabilities
Current Ratio
Custodian
Cyclical Stocks

Forward Market

The forward market is a place where forward contracts are traded. A forward is an over-the-counter derivative that carries a pre-agreed expiration date and price on which the contract must be exercised. It carries a right and an obligation.

Forwards are similar to futures but there is one major difference - forwards are unregulated instruments. Any entity writing a forward contract can customize the lot size and other details to fit their needs.

The forward market, as a whole, is an unregulated market whose typical participants include banks, vendors, and other large financial players.

Ex-Dividend Date

The ex-dividend date is the trading day on and after which a new buyer of the stock is not entitled to any dividends. Most traders say that a stock has gone ex-dividend when this happens.

Traditionally, the ex-dividend date is set a day before the record date when a company evaluates its records for existing shareholders. If a trader buys a stock that has gone ex-dividend from a seller, the one who'll get dividends is the seller.

Arbitrage

Arbitrage is a strategy where a security is bought in one market and sold in another market to generate profits due to the difference in price. This difference is known to be minor.

Say for example a share trades at Rs. 1000 on NSE and Rs. 1002 on BSE. The share can be arbitraged by buying it on BSE and selling it on BSE for a profit of Rs. 2.



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