logo

Download the App Now!

raise
raise
Finance GlossaryEquity Market
Download Centre

Equity Market

Definition of Equity Market

The Equity Market is a place where shares are traded, money is raised, and stock is offered to investors. That's why it is divided into two categories:

  • Primary Market: An equity market where shares are offered to investors for the first time through IPOs while fundraising also happens through private placements.
  • Secondary Market: An equity market where shares, bonds, futures, options, more are traded

The primary market is typically over the counter but may be regulated in the case of exchange traded IPOs. The secondary market is often well-regulated as most securities listed are exchange traded.

Related Terms

Capital Gains Exemption

Capital gains exemption is the tax break that a government offers on profits earned by selling assets. Generally, an investor must pay a tax on the short-term capital gains or long-term capital gains earned.

But in certain cases, the government allows investors to offset taxes. For example, if an investor sells property and reinvests the entire amount back again into another property, they can avail of capital gains exemption.

Foreign Direct Investment

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) is the act of acquiring a majority stake in a company located in a different country with the intention of assisting, growing, and managing the business.

FDIs and FPIs may seem similar but there is a major difference - lasting interest. When a company or investor obtains at least 10% control of foreign company with the intention of actively managing the business, it’s known as lasting interest.

A company that establishes a subsidiary in another country can also be classified as FDI. FDIs can also be made through mergers and acquisitions as well as collaborations with foreign companies

Capital Gains Tax

Capital gains are profits, which means they can be taxed. The rate of taxation is based on the type of asset (debt/equity) and holding period. Here is the list of ways capital gains are taxed in India:

Asset Type Gains Type Holding Period Tax Rate
Equity Short Term Capital Gains < 1 year 15%
Long Term Capital Gains > 1 year 10%
Debt Short Term Capital Gains < 3 years As per I-T slab
Long Term Capital Gains > 3 years 20%

Equities

The term equities can be used to describe two different things. First, equities refers to stocks held by shareholders. Equities of this type represent residual ownership or stake in a company.

Second, equities are the amount of money shareholders shall receive in the event that a company is liquidated. In such a case, the equities will be calculated by subtracting the total debt from total assets.

Interest Coverage Ratio

Interest Coverage Ratio (ICR) is used to determine the likelihood of a company’s ability to pay interest on existing outstanding debt. A low ICR typically indicates that a company is less likely to pay interest.

In fact, it indicates that the company may be heading towards bankruptcy. A higher ICR means that a company’s financial health is solid and more than likely to pay interest on existing outstanding debt.

Alpha

An Alpha indicates the measure by which a stock or portfolio has managed to outperform a benchmark like an index of shares.

A positive Alpha means that the security or portfolio is beating the market while a negative Alpha means that it is lagging.

Alpha can also be used to measure the competence of a fund manager and their strategies.



Invest & Trade with a Trading
Platform That's icon

Open your Dhan Account in minutes!


border
lightnng

Join 5 Lac+ Users Today!

Explore

*All securities mentioned on this website are exemplary and not recommendatory.

We are bullish on India, we are bullish on India's prospects to be one of the largest economies in the world. We believe that the stock market provides a unique opportunity for all of India's traders and investors to participate in the growth story of the country.

Yet, most investing & trading platforms in India have remained more or less the same over the past decade. Times have changed and retail traders and investors have become smarter about managing their trades and money. Modern traders & investors require an online trading platform that helps them keep up with the technological advancements of our time.

That's why we're building Dhan - to help you trade, to help you invest, and to help you participate in India's growth stock via the stock market with awesome features and an incredible experience.

©2021-2024 Moneylicious Securities Private Limited. All rights reserved. CIN - U74999WB2012PTC184187 Moneylicious Securities is part of Raise Financial Services.

SEBI Stock Broker Registration No: INZ000006031 | Depository Participant (CDSL) ID: IN-DP-289-2016
Exchange Membership No. : NSE: 90133 | BSE: 6593 | MCX: 56320
Registered Office: Office No. 14D, 4th Floor, Shri Krishna Chambers, 78, Bentick Street, Kolkata - 700001, West Bengal, India.
Corporate Office: A-302, The Western Edge I, Off Western Express Highway, Borivali East, Mumbai - 400066, Maharashtra, India. Land Line: 022-43116666.


For any query / feedback / clarifications, email at help@dhan.co.

In case of grievances for any of the services rendered by Moneylicious Securities Private Limited, please write to grievance@dhan.co (for NSE, BSE and MCX) or grievancedp@dhan.co (for Depository Participant). Please ensure that you carefully read the Risk Disclosure Document as prescribed by SEBI, our Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Compliance Officer: Mr. Manish Garg and Mobile: 8655740961 Email: complianceofficer@dhan.co To lodge your complaints using SEBI SCORES, click here.


Procedure to file a complaint on SEBI SCORES: Register on SCORES portal. Mandatory details for filing complaints on SCORES: Name, PAN, Address, Mobile Number, E-mail ID. Benefits: Effective Communication, Speedy redressal of the grievances


Disclaimer: Investment in the securities market are subject to market risks, read all the related documents carefully before investing. Brokerage will not exceed the SEBI prescribed limit


Attention investors:

  1. Stock brokers can accept securities as margins from clients only by way of pledge in the depository system w.e.f September 01, 2020.
  2. Update your e-mail and phone number with your stock broker / depository participant and receive OTP directly from depository on your e-mail and/or mobile number to create pledge.
  3. Check your securities / MF / bonds in the consolidated account statement issued by NSDL/CDSL every month.

Note: As a policy we do not give stock tips or recommendations and have not authorized anyone to give this on behalf of us. If you know anyone claiming to be a part of Dhan / Moneylicious / Raise or our associate companies or partners and offering such services, please report us on help@dhan.co. Important Information for Investors: To prevent unauthorized transactions in your trading / demat account, do not share your account details, credentials or any personal details with anyone. Keep your mobile number updated with your Stock Broker, Depository Participant and ensure that the same is registered with Stock Exchanges, Depository and KRAs. You will receive alerts and information on your registered mobile number / email for debit and other important transactions in your demat account directly from CDSL / Exchange on the same day. KYC is one time exercise while dealing in securities markets - once KYC is done through a SEBI registered intermediary (Stock Broker, DP, Mutual Fund, etc.), you need not undergo the same process again when you approach another intermediary. No need to issue cheques by investors while subscribing to IPO. Just write the bank account number and sign in the application form to authorise your bank to make payment in case of allotment. No worries for refund as the money remains in investor's account. This is issued in the interest of investors.


Moneylicious Securities Private Limited also known as Dhan is only an order collection platform that collects orders on behalf of clients and places them on BSE StarMF for execution. Client expressly agrees that Dhan is not liable or responsible and does not represent or warrant any damages regarding non- execution of orders or any incorrect execution of orders with regard to the funds chosen by the client or due to, but not being limited to, any link/system failure, delay in transfer of the funds on account of any unforeseen circumstances/issues in the banking system/payment aggregators or any other problems that may result in a delay in crediting the funds into the BSE Star MF's bank account.


Mutual fund investments are subject to market risks, read all scheme related documents carefully before investing. Dhan is not a distributor or agent of any mutual fund. Mutual Funds are not exchange-traded products. Any related disputes will not have access to the Exchange-investor redressal forum or arbitration mechanism. For other disclaimers please refer https://dhan.co/advertisement-disclaimer/


Download client registration documents (Rights & Obligations, Risk Disclosure Document, Do's & Don'ts) in vernacular language: BSE | NSE | MCX


Kindly, read the Advisory Guidelines of BSE | NSE | MCX for investors as prescribed by the exchange with reference to their circular dated 27th August, 2021 regarding investor awareness and safeguarding client's assets


Important Links: SEBI | BSE | NSE | MCX | CDSL | SCORES | ODR Portal | Investor Charter for Stock Brokers | Investor Charter for DP | UCC Advisory | e-Voting for Shareholders

Important Information: Terms of Usage | Disclaimers | Privacy Policy | Grievances | Risk Management Policy | Risk Disclosure | Advertisement Disclaimer | Saarthi 2.0 Mobile App for Investors