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Finance GlossaryLiquidity Ratio
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Liquidity Ratio

Definition of Liquidity Ratio

The Liquidity Ratio is a tool in financial analysis for measuring a company’s ability to fulfil short-term debt obligations without the need to secure external financing. The key term here is liquidity.

Related Terms

Capped Style Option

Capital is the total amount of money that a trader can use to buy and sell securities. There are variations of the term, the most common one is “starting capital”. This is the amount of money a trader starts their journey with.

Equity Market

The Equity Market is a place where shares are traded, money is raised, and stock is offered to investors. That's why it is divided into two categories:

  • Primary Market: An equity market where shares are offered to investors for the first time through IPOs while fundraising also happens through private placements.
  • Secondary Market: An equity market where shares, bonds, futures, options, more are traded

The primary market is typically over the counter but may be regulated in the case of exchange traded IPOs. The secondary market is often well-regulated as most securities listed are exchange traded.

Equity Share Capital

The total amount of money that is raised by a company through the issuance of shares is known as equity share capital. Shares issued could be classified as common or preferred shares, both of which are a part of the equity share capital.

In general, share capital is known to be the money raised by issuing shares. Companies have the option of raising more equity share capital by issuing additional shares through a Follow on Public Offer (FPO) or other financing methods.

Long Strangle

A long strangle is an options strategy involving the purchase of both a call option and a put option on the same underlying asset with the same expiration date. The strike price of the call option is typically higher than the current market price, while the strike price of the put option is lower. Long strangles are used to generate a profit regardless of the underlying’s price direction.

Defensive Stock

A defensive stock refers to the shares of iconic companies that generate stable and consistent returns and dividends, regardless of the market conditions.

Defensive stocks are rare because companies that have defense against every market condition are rare.

While defensive stocks may not generate high returns, they are known to add stability and defense against declining economic conditions. In India, stock of ITC Limited is an example of a defensive stock.

Commodity Exchange

A commodity exchange is a marketplace where commodities and related derivative contracts are standardized and traded. The commodity exchange can be split into these sub-markets:

  • Derivatives market: this is where commodity exchanges allow futures, options, forwards, and other derivatives to be traded
  • Spot market: this is where commodity exchanges allow buying and selling of commodities in real-time (on the spot), including cash contracts

In India, there are 4 commodity exchanges that are popular and widely turned to:

  • Indian Commodity Exchange (ICEX)
  • Multi Commodity Exchange of India (MCX)
  • National Commodity & Derivatives Exchange Limited (NCDEX)
  • National Multi Commodity Exchange of India (NMCX)

Within these exchanges, the most commonly traded commodities include:

  • Crude oil
  • Coffee
  • Corn
  • Cotton
  • Gold
  • Natural gas
  • Silver
  • Sugar
  • Wheat



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