home    Glossary    Fixed Income Securities

Fixed Income Securities

Definition of Fixed Income Securities

Fixed Income Securities are issued in exchange for a loan and offer returns to investors in the form of a fixed interest rate. That’s why they are referred to as “fixed income” securities. The common types of fixed income securities are: Firm Allotment is the process of allocating shares during an IPO to investors who are not considered to be retail public investors. The firm allotment is done as per SEBI guidelines, which dictate that a portion of the IPO can be allocated to the likes of Mutual Funds, regular employees (permanent), and others.

  • Certificates of Deposit
  • Corporate Bonds
  • Municipal Bonds
  • Treasury Bonds
  • Treasury Bills

Such securities fall under the category of debt instruments, which means they do not give investors equity shares or ownership in the company but only a promise of returning the principal with interest on maturity.

Often referred to as the coupon rate, the interest on a fixed income security is determined by the creditworthiness of the issuing company or entity as well as the latest interest rate set by the government.

Fixed income securities also confer seniority of claim to investors, which means that the investors who’ve helped finance the loan will receive their money first in the event a company is liquidated.

 Back to glossary

Related Terms

Download Dhan App

Trade and Invest in Stock Markets

Get started on Dhan, it takes
less than 10 minutes!