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Finance GlossaryEBITDA MARGIN
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EBITDA MARGIN

Definition of EBITDA MARGIN

EBITDA margin is the ratio of Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation, and Amortization (EBITDA) by revenue, represented as a percentage. It is used to understand whether a company is profitable and as a valuation technique.

The formula to calculate EBITDA margin is: EBITDA Margin = (EBITDA/Revenue)*100

Just like EBITDA, the EBITDA margin also excludes non-cash expenses. That’s why a positive EBITDA margin doesn’t necessarily mean that a company is profitable.

Related Terms

Equity Share Capital

The total amount of money that is raised by a company through the issuance of shares is known as equity share capital. Shares issued could be classified as common or preferred shares, both of which are a part of the equity share capital.

In general, share capital is known to be the money raised by issuing shares. Companies have the option of raising more equity share capital by issuing additional shares through a Follow on Public Offer (FPO) or other financing methods.

Book Entry Securities

Book entry securities are financial instruments like stocks, bonds, ETFs, and others whose ownership is recorded and tracked electronically. Book building is the process of determining the potential issue price of a financial instrument based on investor demand, generally during an IPO.

For context, there was a time when physical ownership certificates were issued. If someone wanted to sell their shares, they’d have to present the ownership certificate and get it transferred to the buyer.

Book entries have made ownership certificates obsolete as they track who owns what electronically.

The trades are settled by the depository like NSDL or CSDL which sends the buyer a statement confirming ownership.

Capital Growth

Capital growth is the profits an investment generates on the principal amount. Since the capital grows on earning profits, the term capital growth is also used to describe the overall corpus of an individual (principal + profits).

Equity Delivery

In equity delivery, shares are delivered to an investor’s Demat account after the settlement period. That’s why it is called equity delivery. However, equity delivery is also known as delivery trading and long term investing.

For example, let’s say you place an order for 10 HDFC shares on Tuesday with a view of holding onto them for the long term. The trade will be settled on Thursday shortly after which the shares will be delivered to your Demat account.

Insider Trading

Insider trading refers to the often illegal act of trading shares based on information that is not publicly available, typically obtained through dubious sources.

This privileged access to confidential information is termed “insider trading” because information is generally sourced through insiders or employees working at a publicly traded firm.

Dividend Per Share

Dividend per share indicates the amount of dividends paid as a ratio of the number of shares outstanding. Or, dividend per share could also refer to the product of earnings per share and dividend payout ratio.

Thus, the formula to calculate dividend per share is:

DPS: Total dividend amount / Number of shares outstanding

Or

DPS: Earnings Per Share x Dividend Payout Ratio

An investor can determine how much dividends they stand to earn for each share they own by calculating dividends per share.



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  1. Stock brokers can accept securities as margins from clients only by way of pledge in the depository system w.e.f September 01, 2020.
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