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Finance GlossaryAcid Test Ratio
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Acid Test Ratio

Definition of Acid Test Ratio

An Acid Test Ratio shows whether a company has enough liquid short-term assets to deal with current liabilities.

The higher the Acid Test Ratio the better a company’s ability to deal with debt.

Acid Test Ratio = (Cash + Marketable Securities + Accounts Receivable)/Current liabilities

Related Terms

Inflation

Inflation is defined as the rise in the price of goods and services with a declining purchasing power amongst the general population. The primary cause of inflation is a surge in demand that can not be met with the same level of supply.

Capital Gains Tax

Capital gains are profits, which means they can be taxed. The rate of taxation is based on the type of asset (debt/equity) and holding period. Here is the list of ways capital gains are taxed in India:

Asset Type Gains Type Holding Period Tax Rate
Equity Short Term Capital Gains < 1 year 15%
Long Term Capital Gains > 1 year 10%
Debt Short Term Capital Gains < 3 years As per I-T slab
Long Term Capital Gains > 3 years 20%

Equity Capital Markets

Equity capital markets (ECMs) are a place where companies raise money by offering equity shares to financial firms, institutional investors, and retail investors.

Fund raising of this kind is often done through private placements or Initial Public Offerings (IPOs) in the primary market, which is a part of the ECM. The biggest IPOs in India are all part of the ECM.

The equity capital market is also a place where shares, futures, options, and other financial instruments are traded. This part of the ECM is known as the secondary market. The stock market is a popular example of an ECM.

Capital Gains

A capital gain is a profit an investor or trader earns by selling shares, commodities, futures, options, currencies, and other assets. More literally, a profit is a gain on the capital that’s invested - hence the term capital gains.

Say someone buys a share for Rs. 1000 and sells it for Rs. 1100. The capital gains will be Rs. 100 in this case. The taxation of capital gains varies based on the asset type and the duration after which it was sold.

Abandoned Baby Pattern

An Abandoned Baby Pattern is a type of candlestick pattern that signals the reversal of a bullish or bearish trend. It is made up of three candles, each of which varies based on the trend.

Bullish Abandoned Baby Pattern


  • Candle #1: Red in color & forms during a downward trend
  • Candle #2: Forms a Doji Star below Candle #1’s closing price
  • Candle #3: Leads to a bullish trend & forms above the Doji Star (similar size to Candle #1)

Bearish Abandoned Baby Pattern


  • Candle #1: Green in color & forms during an upward trend
  • Candle #2: Forms a Doji Star above Candle #1’s closing price
  • Candle #3: Leads to a bearish trend & forms below the Doji Star (similar size to Candle #1)

Bull Market

Bull market is a positive trend in the stock market where price of shares increase by 20% or more after falling by 20%. Investors may say they’re bullish or expect a bull market to arrive when they believe that there will be prolonged periods of increase in the stock market.



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