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Finance GlossaryConsumer Price Index
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Consumer Price Index

Definition of Consumer Price Index

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures how costly goods and services have become over time. It is calculated by measuring the weighted average of the percentage change in the price of a basket of goods and services.

If the CPI increases, it means that inflation is on the rise. In India, the CPI replaced Whosale Price Index (WPI) as the primary measure of inflation in 2013.

Related Terms

CANSLIM

CANSLIM is an acronym for a seven-step strategy to pick growth stocks by combining fundamental and technical analysis. Here’s the full form of CANSLIM:

  • Current quarterly Earnings Per Share (EPS): compare this fundamental indicator with the same figure from the previous quarter. If the figure grows (by 20% or more as a rule of thumb), the company is fundamentally strong.

  • Annual earnings: Compare this fundamental indicator from the previous years. If there’s year-on-year growth, the company is fundamentally strong. If the year-on-year growth is by 20-25%, even better.

  • New product or service: strong companies continue to innovate. That’s what this letter is about - checking if the company is continuously launching new products, services, or holding events.

  • Supply: a fundamentally strong business should have a good supply and demand when it comes to its goods, services, and stock. Executive supply of shares may reduce the value of the company - that’s why it should always be scarce in supply.

  • Leader: the company should be a leader in its own right, either in or across industries.

  • Institutional holding: a valuable company will have higher institutional ownership, the percentage of which should always be tracked.

  • Market trend: an investor must check whether the company or stock is going or against the trend by comparing it to broader indices.

Futures

Futures are derivative contracts that serve as an agreement and obligation between two parties to buy or sell underlying securities at a pre-agreed price and date. Underlying securities in futures can be stocks, bonds, interest rates, currencies, and commodities.

Dividend Stocks

Dividend stocks are shares of companies that redistribute their profits to shareholders in the form of dividends. Such companies are typically industry or sector leaders with stellar reputations and track records.

How much dividend a company offers can be calculated with the dividend yield ratio or dividend per share.

Investors prefer to buy dividend stocks because they can either reinvest the dividends to buy more shares or earn passive income. Examples of dividend stocks in India include:

  • Coal India
  • Indian Oil Corporation (IOC)
  • ONGC
  • SAIL
  • Tata Steel

Company Debentures

A debenture is a debt instrument that a company uses to take out a loan in exchange for a fixed interest rate. Debentures can either be used to refer to bonds or documents created in exchange for a medium to long-term loan.

Adjusted Closing Price

The adjusted closing price of stock accounts for any changes that happen due to corporate actions like dividends, stock splits, and others after trading hours.

High Beta Stocks

High Beta stocks are shares that outperform the market in terms of returns but carry high risk. Such shares are called “High Beta” because of their significantly high Beta Coeffient value, which measures the correlation of a stock and the market. A Beta value on the high side typically indicates more volatility and the potential for higher returns.



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