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Finance GlossaryContingent Liabilities
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Contingent Liabilities

Definition of Contingent Liabilities

A contingent liability is shown on a balance sheet for an event that may or may not happen in the future. The potential liability arising out of such an uncertain event is recorded as a contingency in both GAAP and IFRS accounting standards.

Related Terms

Derivative

A derivative is a financial contract that is designed to derive its value from a single or group of underlying assets, generally between two parties or more. It contains a pre-agreed date of delivery and price.

The most common examples of a derivative contract are:

  • Futures
  • Options
  • Forwards
  • Swaps

A derivative can be bought and sold on an exchange or over the counter. Since derivatives derive value from underlying assets, their price is known to fluctuate when the underlying asset gains or loses value.

Long-Term Stocks

Long-term stocks are shares of companies that investors hold for three years or more with the intention of getting lucrative returns combined with solid future prospects. Long-term stocks are typically chosen based on fundamental analysis, including factors such as the company's financial health, growth potential, competitive advantage, and industry trends.

Anchoring and Adjustment

Anchoring is a bias that drives people to make decisions that are based on (anchored to) pre-existing notions, ideas, and suggestions that may or may not be true.

Adjustments around anchoring are common as it becomes a starting point for many when it comes to decision-making.

For example, someone is anchored to a financial model or strategy. They may choose to use the anchor in situations where it may not fit and as a result, may end up getting an unfavorable outcome.

Futures Expiry

Futures expiry is the date on which the derivative contract’s terms and conditions must be fulfilled. Alternatively, it’s the day on or before which the trader must square-off their futures contract to avoid delivery. In India, futures expire on the final Thursday of the expiry month.

Capital Gains

A capital gain is a profit an investor or trader earns by selling shares, commodities, futures, options, currencies, and other assets. More literally, a profit is a gain on the capital that’s invested - hence the term capital gains.

Say someone buys a share for Rs. 1000 and sells it for Rs. 1100. The capital gains will be Rs. 100 in this case. The taxation of capital gains varies based on the asset type and the duration after which it was sold.

Assets And Liabilities

An asset is something that has monetary value and can generate profits in the future while a liability is a debt that’s repayable immediately or in the future. Assets are owned whereas liabilities as owed.



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