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Finance GlossaryCash Contract
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Cash Contract

Definition of Cash Contract

A cash contract is an agreement between two parties in which the delivery of goods is involved at a predetermined price and date. Typically, bulk buyers like big companies enter into cash contracts on the spot price of a commodity.

These companies aren’t in the business of speculation. As a result, the delivery of goods is always involved in cash contracts, unlike futures where the contract can be settled with cash without taking delivery.

Related Terms

Gold Futures

Gold futures are commodity derivatives that derive their value from gold bullion. A trader who buys a gold futures contract acquires the right and obligation to buy gold at a later date and price that’s pre-agreed. Gold futures in India are eligible for physical delivery once the terms of the contract are successfully fulfilled.

Annual Earnings Change

An Annual Earnings Change is the difference between a company’s earnings from the present and previous fiscal year. The formula for annual earnings change is:

Current Fiscal Year Earnings - Previous Fiscal Year Earnings

Say for example a liquid nitrogen manufacturing company earned Rs. 50 crores in the current fiscal year and Rs. 29 crores in the previous fiscal year. Their annual earnings change will be:
Rs. 50 crores - Rs. 29 crores = Rs. 21 crores.

Gold ETF

A gold ETF is an exchange-traded fund that invests in gold bullion. Every unit of a gold ETF is backed by one gram of gold of assured purity that is held in the physical or demat form (digital).

Gold ETFs combine the lucrative value of gold with the liquidity of stocks. Thus, gold ETFs track the price of gold bullion and are traded on stock exchanges like NSE and BSE.

Liquidity Ratio

The Liquidity Ratio is a tool in financial analysis for measuring a company’s ability to fulfil short-term debt obligations without the need to secure external financing. The key term here is liquidity.

Capital Gains

A capital gain is a profit an investor or trader earns by selling shares, commodities, futures, options, currencies, and other assets. More literally, a profit is a gain on the capital that’s invested - hence the term capital gains.

Say someone buys a share for Rs. 1000 and sells it for Rs. 1100. The capital gains will be Rs. 100 in this case. The taxation of capital gains varies based on the asset type and the duration after which it was sold.

Bombay Stock Exchange

Established in 1875, Bombay Stock Exchange or simply BSE is a place where stockbrokers and traders can buy and sell securities like stocks, bonds, ETFs, and more. 5000+ securities are listed on BSE, which is the oldest stock exchange in India and Asia.



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