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Finance GlossaryCommodity Exchange
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Commodity Exchange

Definition of Commodity Exchange

A commodity exchange is a marketplace where commodities and related derivative contracts are standardized and traded. The commodity exchange can be split into these sub-markets:

  • Derivatives market: this is where commodity exchanges allow futures, options, forwards, and other derivatives to be traded
  • Spot market: this is where commodity exchanges allow buying and selling of commodities in real-time (on the spot), including cash contracts

In India, there are 4 commodity exchanges that are popular and widely turned to:

  • Indian Commodity Exchange (ICEX)
  • Multi Commodity Exchange of India (MCX)
  • National Commodity & Derivatives Exchange Limited (NCDEX)
  • National Multi Commodity Exchange of India (NMCX)

Within these exchanges, the most commonly traded commodities include:

  • Crude oil
  • Coffee
  • Corn
  • Cotton
  • Gold
  • Natural gas
  • Silver
  • Sugar
  • Wheat

Related Terms

Capture Ratio

The capture ratio is used to measure the performance of an asset during market highs and lows by comparing it to a benchmark.

The result is expressed as a percentage and helps investors understand whether the asset manager was able to steer through volatility the right way. There are two types of capture ratios investors can turn to:

  • Up market capture ratio
  • Down market capture ratio

Here’s how to calculate the up market capture ratio:

Returns during market highs / Benchmark returns * 100

Here’s how to calculate the down market capture ratio:

Returns during market lows / Benchmark returns * 100

Liquidity

Liquidity determines the ease with which an asset can be sold in exchange for cash at or around its current market price. Liquidity is also used in the context of businessess, where the term indicates the company’s ability to secure loans to fulfil short term debt obligations or to sell its assets and procure cash in exchange.

IPO

An IPO or Initial Public Offering is the method in which a privately held company becomes a publicly listed company. Existing shareholders must approve the IPO plan before the company can go public. Once shareholders approve, the company will either hire an intermediary or go for a Direct Public Offering, the result of which will be the determination of a price for the new equity shares that will be listed in the primary market.

Government Bonds

Government bonds are debt instruments that allow the central banks to raise capital to finance operations. The types of government bonds are:

  • Treasury Bills
  • Fixed Rate Bonds
  • Floating Rate Bonds
  • State Development Loans
  • Sovereign Gold Bonds
  • Zero Coupon Bonds

Every government bond has a credit rating that’s based on the financial health of the country. The government is the apex institution of any country, which is why their credit rating is the high.

In India, you’ll notice government bonds with the credit rating SOV. This is known as a sovereign rating.

Acid Test Ratio

An Acid Test Ratio shows whether a company has enough liquid short-term assets to deal with current liabilities.

The higher the Acid Test Ratio the better a company’s ability to deal with debt.

Acid Test Ratio = (Cash + Marketable Securities + Accounts Receivable)/Current liabilities

Dividend Stocks

Dividend stocks are shares of companies that redistribute their profits to shareholders in the form of dividends. Such companies are typically industry or sector leaders with stellar reputations and track records.

How much dividend a company offers can be calculated with the dividend yield ratio or dividend per share.

Investors prefer to buy dividend stocks because they can either reinvest the dividends to buy more shares or earn passive income. Examples of dividend stocks in India include:

  • Coal India
  • Indian Oil Corporation (IOC)
  • ONGC
  • SAIL
  • Tata Steel



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