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Finance GlossaryAccrued Expenses
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Accrued Expenses

Definition of Accrued Expenses

An accrued expense is the cost that is incurred in the current accounting period but is due to be paid in the future.

More simply, an accrued expense is an unpaid bill due in the future for goods or services that have already been received by a company.

Accrued expenses show up as liabilities on a company’s books.

Related Terms

Bull Market

Bull market is a positive trend in the stock market where price of shares increase by 20% or more after falling by 20%. Investors may say they’re bullish or expect a bull market to arrive when they believe that there will be prolonged periods of increase in the stock market.

Index Futures

Index futures are derivative instruments that track an underlying sectoral, thematic, or benchmark index like Nifty Bank, Finnifty, Nifty 50, and others. While trading index futures, a trader avoids individual share risk by trading an entire index.

Discounted Cash Flow

Discounted cash flow is a method of valuing a company in the present based on future cash flows. An investment may be profitable in the present if the discounted cash flow is above the current cost of investing.

The formula to calculate discounted cash flows is:

DCF = Cash Flow Year 1 / (1+r1)^1 + Cash Flow Year 2 / (1+r2)^2 + Cash Flow Year N / (1+r)^n

Circuit Breaker

A circuit breaker or market curb is a measure that exchanges use to put a stop to all trading activities across an index or entire market. This regulatory measure is put in place to curb panic selling, especially when markets are in free fall.

That’s why circuit breakers are also known as trading curbs and are put in place when an index or market reaches a specific level. These are the current circuit breaker limits on NSE:

Circuit Breaker Trigger Trading Halt Duration
10% 0-45 minutes
15% 45 minutes; 1 hour 45 minutes; rest of the day
20% Rest of the day

Book Building

Book building is the process of determining the potential issue price of a financial instrument based on investor demand, generally during an IPO.

Book building is typically done by an underwriter (like an investment bank) who will invite institutional investors like hedge funds, mutual funds, and others to submit bids for the financial instrument.

These bids act as a range that the underwriter can use to fix a price that satisfies the company issuing the security and market participants.

Ask Or Offer Price

The ask or offer price is the price at which an investor is willing to sell a security like stocks, bonds, currencies, ETFs, and others.



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