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Equities

Definition of Equities

The term equities can be used to describe two different things. First, equities refers to stocks held by shareholders. Equities of this type represent residual ownership or stake in a company.

Second, equities are the amount of money shareholders shall receive in the event that a company is liquidated. In such a case, the equities will be calculated by subtracting the total debt from total assets.

Related Terms

Enterprise Value

Enterprive Value is a metric used to determine the total value of a company. It is valuation technique used by companies to understand how much money they need to pay to acquire another company.

Conversely, Enterprise Value is also used to figure out the amount of money a company can get on selling their business. To calculate the EV of a company, the total market capitalization is combined with the net debt or cash subtracted from debt. The formula to calculate Enterprise Value is:

EV = Market Capitalization + Net Debt

Or

EV = Market Capitalization + Debt - Cash

Convertible Debentures

A convertible debenture is a long term debt instrument that can be converted into equity on maturity. Convertible debentures are generally unsecured loans that small to mid-size companies take on in exchange for an interest rate.

Exponential Moving Average

Exponential Moving Average (EMA) is a technical indicator used to follow price trends over a specific period of time. EMA assigns more weight to recent prices than older prices. The formula to calculate EMA is:

Exponential Moving Average = (K x (CP - PP)) + PP

C: Current Price of stock, currency, commodity, etc. P: The EMA of preceding periods K: Exponential smoothing constant

A Simple Moving Average (SMA) is used to calculate the value of the first period. Furthermore, the EMA can be used to identify support and resistance areas. However, it may not be optimal for identifying precise entry and exit points.

Cash Conversion Cycle

A Cash Conversion Cycle (CCC) tells you how many days it will take to convert a company’s inventory or resources into cash. The formula for Cash Conversion Cycle is:

Cash Conversion Cycle = (DIO + DSO) – DPO

  • DIO: Days Inventory Outstanding is the average number of days it takes for a company to turn inventory into cash through sales
  • DSO: Days Sales Outstanding is the average number of days it takes for a company to collect its receivables
  • DPO: Days Payable Outstanding is the average number of days it takes fo a company to fulfil its obligations or payables

Futexagri

Futexagri refers to the commodity index of futures on NCDEX that’s equal-weighted, meaning all components have equally proportional weights assigned to them, comprised of the futures contracts of the most recent month.

India VIX

India VIX is an index that measures volatility and market sentiment. The term VIX stands for Volatility Index and thus, the full form of India VIX is Indian Volatility Index.

A higher India VIX means higher volatility whereas India VIX would be lower due periods of low volatility. In fact, there are absolute values that help understand volatility via India VIX.

India VIX typically moves between 15 to 30, which represents a range that is considered “normal” as far as volatility is concerned.

However, India VIX has touched 90 during the 2008 financial crisis and trended near the value once again when the pandemic broke out in 2020.



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