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Finance GlossaryAbridged Prospectus
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Abridged Prospectus

Definition of Abridged Prospectus

An abridged prospectus is a short version of a company prospectus. As per SEBI norms, a company looking to offer equity or debt to investors must file a prospectus.

This document contains crucial details that can help investors make investment decisions. But a regular prospectus is lengthy.

That’s why Section 2(1) of the Companies Act of 2013 came into effect. It directed companies to publish an abridged or shorter version of their prospectus.

Related Terms

Annual Net Profit Margin

A Net Profit Margin is the ratio of a company’s net profits to revenues. The formula to calculate Net Profit Margin is:

Net Profit Margin = Net Profit* / Revenue * 100

*Net profit = Revenue - Cost of goods - Operating Cost - Other Expenses - Interest - Taxes

Net Profit Margin is expressed as a percentage, which means that you can compare the financial health of multiple companies.

A company can use its Net Profit Margin to understand whether its strategies and business models are effective.

Block Trade

A block trade is a substantially large buy or sell order for a stock, commodity, or other security. Block trades are typically done by institutional investors like hedge funds, mutual funds, and others to mask the true size of the transaction.

Shares change hands between companies after the price of the security is privately negotiated. Most block trades are routed through investment banks and executed outside the conventional market.

Face Value

The term face value refers to the actual price of a stock that’s obtained by dividing a company’s net value by its total shares outstanding. In India, the face value of shares can range from Rs. 1 to Rs. 100.

However, the market value of the share may vary. At times, the difference can be drastic. For example, the face value of an MRF share is Rs. 10 but the market value (LTP) of the same share is Rs. 86,313.45.

Face value is also known as nominal value or par value. The latter is used frequently in the case of bonds.

The face value of a bond is the amount that an investor receives from the issuer on maturity. Similar to stocks, bonds and other fixed income instruments may have a different face value and market value.

Company Debentures

A debenture is a debt instrument that a company uses to take out a loan in exchange for a fixed interest rate. Debentures can either be used to refer to bonds or documents created in exchange for a medium to long-term loan.

Deferred Tax Asset

A deferred tax asset is an item on a company’s financial statement that can be used to get tax relief, generally in the event of overpaying taxes or net losses that are carried forward.

Companies tend to deduct these overpayments or losses for accounting purposes and to reduce their overall taxable income. Common examples of deferred tax assets include:

  • Depreciation of fixed assets
  • Net financial loss
  • Bad debt

Commodity Options

A commodity option is a contract that gives the buyer or seller the right but not the obligation to execute a trade for a commodity like copper, cotton, zinc, and others at a pre-agreed price and date. Commodity options are derivative contracts that require a trader to pay a premium in order to secure the “option”.



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