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Finance GlossaryIndex Arbitrage
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Index Arbitrage

Definition of Index Arbitrage

Index arbitrage is the method of generating returns by trading the difference between the same or different indices that have a standard value but has diverged momentarily. The way one does index arbitrage can vary as it is possible to trade indices via ETFs, Options, Futures, and more.

Related Terms

At The Close Or Closing Price

At the close or closing price is the last traded price of securities like stocks, ETFs, and others at the end of regular market hours.

For example, if a stock hit Rs. 4,500 at 3.30 PM (market close), then that is its price at the close also known as the closing price.

Unlike Adjusted Closing Price, at the close or closing price does not take into account price changes due to corporate actions.

Equity Shares

Equity shares is a term used to describe stock of a company that’s issued via an Initial Public Offer (IPO), already issued and traded on the stock market, or freshly available through a Follow on Public Offer (FPO).

For a company, the goal of issuing equity shares is to raise money while investors who buy these equity shares get perks like voting rights, dividends, and even a share of the assets in case the company is liquidated.

Forex Futures Trading

Forex futures trading is the buying and selling of exchange-traded futures contracts for currency pairs . A forex futures contract gives the holder the right and the obligation to buy or sell a pair of currencies at a predetermined price and date. The important components of forex futures trading include:

  • Forex pair: the currency you will buy in exchange of the other at the end of the futures contract
  • Lot size: the value of the currency included in the contract
  • Contract price: the price at which the futures contract is trading
  • Spot price: the latest forex rate for the currency pair, different from the contract price
  • Margin: the amount of money you’re required to deposit with your currency trading platform
  • Tick size: the minimum amount by which a forex futures contract can move, which is Rs. 0.0025 in India
  • Expiration date: the preagreed day on which the contract must be excercised or squared off

Forex futures trading in India is possible through three exchanges: NSE, BSE, and MSE. The forex futures contracts are standardized derivatives that can be traded between 9.00 AM to 7.30 PM. Forex futures in India are cash settled, meaning profits or losses are settled in INR while the base currency is not delivered.

Institutional Investor

Institutional Investor refers to the often illegal act of trading shares based on information that is not publicly available, typically obtained through dubious sources.

This privileged access to confidential information is termed “Institutional Investor” because information is generally sourced through insiders or employees working at a publicly traded firm.

Hedging

Hedging is a risk management technique where potential loss is offset by securing a safer, more stable trade. For example, buying stock (risky) and offsetting the risk with commodity (stable) is a common hedging practice in the securities market.

In the derivatives market, hedging is followed by merchants and businesses who want to protect against adverse price movements in commodities or currencies. They do so by entering into a futures or options contract.

Blue Chip Stocks

Blue chip stocks are shares of iconic companies in India that have been leaders of their respective industries for years, if not decades, and have a stellar yet consistent business track record. Example of blue chip stocks in India are: HDFC Bank, TCS, Reliance Industries, Hindustan Unilever, Infosys etc.



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