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Face Value

Definition of Face Value

The term face value refers to the actual price of a stock that’s obtained by dividing a company’s net value by its total shares outstanding. In India, the face value of shares can range from Rs. 1 to Rs. 100.

However, the market value of the share may vary. At times, the difference can be drastic. For example, the face value of an MRF share is Rs. 10 but the market value (LTP) of the same share is Rs. 86,313.45.

Face value is also known as nominal value or par value. The latter is used frequently in the case of bonds.

The face value of a bond is the amount that an investor receives from the issuer on maturity. Similar to stocks, bonds and other fixed income instruments may have a different face value and market value.

Related Terms

Bounce Trading

Bounce trading refers to buying a position in security when its price falls to a particular support level with the anticipation that it will “bounce” back to a certain price level. Technical analysis is the bedrock of bounce trading but various patterns and strategies can be used to achieve the desired goal.

Discount Brokers

Discount brokers are platforms that offer essential stock trading and investment services rather than a full stack of services that may or may not be useful for everyone.

Discount brokers are discount brokers because their service is priced competitively, meaning the cost of trading and investing may be significantly low than a fullservice broker.

Industry Analysis

Industry Analysis is a method of understanding the level of competition, potential profit/loss, supply and demand cycle, & other crucial factors within an industry.

Advance/Decline Line

An Advance/Decline Line can help you plot the daily difference between the number of advancing and declining stocks.

As a result, the Advance/Decline Line is a technical indicator used to gauge market sentiment, price trends, and trend reversals.

Here’s how the Advance/Decline Line is calculated:


  • Calculate the number of stocks that finished in the red.
  • Calculate the number of stocks that finished in the green.
  • Subtract #1 from #2 to find out the net movement aka Net Advance.
  • Repeat #1, #2, and #3 the next day and add the values for Net Advance.
  • Add both the previous day’s and the present day’s Net Advance. Repeat for future calculations.

Averaging Down

Averaging down means buying more shares when the price drops, thereby bringing down your overall average cost of investing. For example:

Day 1 (Normal price)

  • Shares bought of XYZ: 10
  • Price of each share: Rs. 1000
  • Total cost of investing: Rs. 10,000
  • Average investment cost: Rs. 1000


Day 2 (Lower price)

  • Shares bought of XYZ: 10
  • Price of each share: Rs. 900
  • Total cost of investing: Rs. 9,000
  • Average investment cost: Rs. 900


Averaging Down

  • Initial average cost of investing (Day 1): Rs. 1000
  • New average cost of investing (Day 1 & Day 2): Rs. 950

52 Week Low

A 52 week low is the lowest closing price of a stock or ETF in the last 365 days. Let’s say you check a stock’s history on 01-01-2022. Then the 52 week low will be the stock’s lowest closing price between 01-01-2021 and 01-01-2022. 52 week lows are used as technical indicators by traders.



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We are bullish on India, we are bullish on India's prospects to be one of the largest economies in the world. We believe that the stock market provides a unique opportunity for all of India's traders and investors to participate in the growth story of the country.

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In case of grievances for any of the services rendered by Moneylicious Securities Private Limited, please write to grievance@dhan.co (for NSE, BSE and MCX) or grievancedp@dhan.co (for Depository Participant). Please ensure that you carefully read the Risk Disclosure Document as prescribed by SEBI, our Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Compliance Officer: Mr. Manish Garg and Mobile: 8655740961 Email: complianceofficer@dhan.co To lodge your complaints using SEBI SCORES, click here.


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Disclaimer: Investment in the securities market are subject to market risks, read all the related documents carefully before investing. Brokerage will not exceed the SEBI prescribed limit


Attention investors:

  1. Stock brokers can accept securities as margins from clients only by way of pledge in the depository system w.e.f September 01, 2020.
  2. Update your e-mail and phone number with your stock broker / depository participant and receive OTP directly from depository on your e-mail and/or mobile number to create pledge.
  3. Check your securities / MF / bonds in the consolidated account statement issued by NSDL/CDSL every month.

Note: As a policy we do not give stock tips or recommendations and have not authorized anyone to give this on behalf of us. If you know anyone claiming to be a part of Dhan / Moneylicious / Raise or our associate companies or partners and offering such services, please report us on help@dhan.co. Important Information for Investors: To prevent unauthorized transactions in your trading / demat account, do not share your account details, credentials or any personal details with anyone. Keep your mobile number updated with your Stock Broker, Depository Participant and ensure that the same is registered with Stock Exchanges, Depository and KRAs. You will receive alerts and information on your registered mobile number / email for debit and other important transactions in your demat account directly from CDSL / Exchange on the same day. KYC is one time exercise while dealing in securities markets - once KYC is done through a SEBI registered intermediary (Stock Broker, DP, Mutual Fund, etc.), you need not undergo the same process again when you approach another intermediary. No need to issue cheques by investors while subscribing to IPO. Just write the bank account number and sign in the application form to authorise your bank to make payment in case of allotment. No worries for refund as the money remains in investor's account. This is issued in the interest of investors.


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