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Finance Glossary52 Week High
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52 Week High

Definition of 52 Week High

A 52-week high is the highest closing price of a stock or ETF in the last 365 days. Say for example you’re checking the history of a stock on 01-01-2022. Then its 52 week high will be the highest price it closed at between 01-01-2021 and 01-01-2022. 52 week highs are used as technical indicators by traders.

Related Terms

Capital Expenditure

Capital expenditure or CapEx is the amount of money a company spends on maintaining, upgrading, or buying new assets like machinery, equipment, property, and others.

IPO

An IPO or Initial Public Offering is the method in which a privately held company becomes a publicly listed company. Existing shareholders must approve the IPO plan before the company can go public. Once shareholders approve, the company will either hire an intermediary or go for a Direct Public Offering, the result of which will be the determination of a price for the new equity shares that will be listed in the primary market.

Holding Period

The holding period of a financial security is the time period between buying and selling the said security. It is the total amount of time for which the security has been held in the portfolio of an investor. At times, there’s a mandatory holding period attached to a security. During this mandatory holding period, the security can not be sold.

Internal Rate Of Return

Internal Rate Of Return (IRR) is used to measure the compound annual return generated by a financial asset. IRR is a tool in Discounted Cash Flow financial analysis that operates by bringing the Net Present Value (NPV) of cash flow to zero. That’s why IRR can be used to compare a variety of financial assets from the equity market or bond market to real estate.

Dividend Stocks

Dividend stocks are shares of companies that redistribute their profits to shareholders in the form of dividends. Such companies are typically industry or sector leaders with stellar reputations and track records.

How much dividend a company offers can be calculated with the dividend yield ratio or dividend per share.

Investors prefer to buy dividend stocks because they can either reinvest the dividends to buy more shares or earn passive income. Examples of dividend stocks in India include:

  • Coal India
  • Indian Oil Corporation (IOC)
  • ONGC
  • SAIL
  • Tata Steel

Benchmark

A benchmark is a standard used by investors to compare the performance of a stock, commodity, or other securities.

Stock indices like Nifty 50, Sensex, Nifty Bank, and others are often used as benchmarks to evaluate the performance of one or more stocks.

The onset of a bear market is generally in tandem with poor economic conditions.

Benchmarks are not just used for evaluating markets or securities, they can also be used to assess the performance of an investor or wealth manager. Here are some outcomes if the returns are:

  • Greater than benchmark: the asset is doing considerably well (great)
  • Same as benchmark: the asset is moving with the market (okay)
  • Less than benchmark: the asset is performing poorly (bad)



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