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Inflation

Definition of Inflation

Inflation is defined as the rise in the price of goods and services with a declining purchasing power amongst the general population. The primary cause of inflation is a surge in demand that can not be met with the same level of supply.

Related Terms

Dividend Payout Ratio

The Dividend Payout Ratio refers to dividends paid to shareholders as a percentage of the net income or Earnings Per Share (EPS) of a company. The formula to calculate dividend payout ratio is:

DPR = Dividend / Net income

or

DPR = Dividend / Earnings Per Share

A higher dividend payout ratio means that a company is redistributing a chunk of its profits to shareholders, which generally implies that the company is well-established.

Consumer Price Index

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures how costly goods and services have become over time. It is calculated by measuring the weighted average of the percentage change in the price of a basket of goods and services.

If the CPI increases, it means that inflation is on the rise. In India, the CPI replaced Whosale Price Index (WPI) as the primary measure of inflation in 2013.

Contingent Liabilities

A contingent liability is shown on a balance sheet for an event that may or may not happen in the future. The potential liability arising out of such an uncertain event is recorded as a contingency in both GAAP and IFRS accounting standards.

Abc Wave Theory

Abc Wave Theory or Elliot Wave Theory is used to determine the direction of the stock market by identifying recurring waves or patterns over the long term. The theory is named after Ralph Nelson Elliott.

5 Motive or Impulse Waves are formed if the movement is in the direction of the trend. 3 Corrective Waves are formed if the movement is against the direction of the trend.

CANSLIM

CANSLIM is an acronym for a seven-step strategy to pick growth stocks by combining fundamental and technical analysis. Here’s the full form of CANSLIM:

  • Current quarterly Earnings Per Share (EPS): compare this fundamental indicator with the same figure from the previous quarter. If the figure grows (by 20% or more as a rule of thumb), the company is fundamentally strong.

  • Annual earnings: Compare this fundamental indicator from the previous years. If there’s year-on-year growth, the company is fundamentally strong. If the year-on-year growth is by 20-25%, even better.

  • New product or service: strong companies continue to innovate. That’s what this letter is about - checking if the company is continuously launching new products, services, or holding events.

  • Supply: a fundamentally strong business should have a good supply and demand when it comes to its goods, services, and stock. Executive supply of shares may reduce the value of the company - that’s why it should always be scarce in supply.

  • Leader: the company should be a leader in its own right, either in or across industries.

  • Institutional holding: a valuable company will have higher institutional ownership, the percentage of which should always be tracked.

  • Market trend: an investor must check whether the company or stock is going or against the trend by comparing it to broader indices.

Growth Stocks

Growth stocks are shares of companies that have the potential to outperform the market. These are stocks can grow faster than the market due to strong fundamental characteristics like a strong balance sheet, high Earnings Per Share, solid P/E, and more that can bolster its profits in the medium to long term.



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