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Inflation

Definition of Inflation

Inflation is defined as the rise in the price of goods and services with a declining purchasing power amongst the general population. The primary cause of inflation is a surge in demand that can not be met with the same level of supply.

Related Terms

Irredeemable Debentures

Irredeemable debentures are debt instruments that can not be sold unless the company is sold or shuts up shop. Those who hold irredeemable debentures will be paid an interest as long as the company operates its business.

Bond Market

A bond market is a place where bonds are issued, bought, and sold. Bonds are issued in exchange for a loan generally by governments and corporations.

Indices

Indices are a collection of financial instruments that measure the performance of those very instruments.

For example, stock market indices like Nifty 50 and Sensex measure the top 50 and 30 stocks by market capitalization.

If indices go up, it generally means that the underlying stocks are performing well. The opposite is true when indices plummet.

By the way, there’s no limit to how many instruments an index can track. The Nifty Smallcap 250 tracks 250 stocks whereas Nifty Bank tracks 12 stocks.

52 Week Low

A 52 week low is the lowest closing price of a stock or ETF in the last 365 days. Let’s say you check a stock’s history on 01-01-2022. Then the 52 week low will be the stock’s lowest closing price between 01-01-2021 and 01-01-2022. 52 week lows are used as technical indicators by traders.

Issuer

An issuer is the company that sells its shares to the public for the first time via an IPO. Investors can buy the freshly issued shares from the issuer by meeting the issue price. Large Cap Stocks

Accumulation/Distribution Indicator (A/D)

An Accumulation/Distribution Indicator is used to figure out the trend of a stock based on the relationship between the price and volume. There are two parts to the name Accumulation Distribution Indicator:

  • Accumulation: Denotes demand or the buying levels of a particular stock
  • Distribution: Denotes the supply or the selling levels of a particular stock

Long story short, A/D tells you whether a stock is facing buying or selling pressure. A rising A/D depicts an upward trend while a falling A/D depicts a downward trend.




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