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Finance GlossaryForward Price
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Forward Price

Definition of Forward Price

The forward price is the final value at which a forward contract is exercised, that is, delivered to the buyer by the seller. It is different from the spot price of the underlying asset as it includes the cost of carry like interest rates, storage cost, and other carrying charges. The formula to calculate forward price is:

Forward price: Spot Price − Cost of Carry (storage costs, interest rate, etc)

Related Terms

Equity Market

The Equity Market is a place where shares are traded, money is raised, and stock is offered to investors. That's why it is divided into two categories:

  • Primary Market: An equity market where shares are offered to investors for the first time through IPOs while fundraising also happens through private placements.
  • Secondary Market: An equity market where shares, bonds, futures, options, more are traded

The primary market is typically over the counter but may be regulated in the case of exchange traded IPOs. The secondary market is often well-regulated as most securities listed are exchange traded.

Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents are short-term assets or holdings which fall under the current assets of a business. Cash and cash equivalents have very high liquidity. When you take the term literally, you have two components:

  • Cash: money like cash holdings in a bank account, petty cash, and others
  • Cash equivalents: assets or investments like T-bills, commercial paper, and others that have a short maturity which can easily be converted into cash

Carrying Charge

Carrying charge or cost of carry is the money involved in the upkeep or general holding of an asset or financial instrument. Examples of carrying charges include maintenance costs, insurance, and others.

A carrying charge can increase the cost of owning an asset. At times, the cost of carry may exceed the potential returns, in which case an investor must evaluate whether the asset is worth keeping.

Limit Order

A limit order is an instruction that specifies the price at which a financial security should be bought and sold known as the limit price. The broker will execute the order only if the limit price is met. But there is no guarantee that a limit order will be executed since it is essentially in queue.

Basis Of Allotment

The basis of allotment is the criteria to allocate shares to investors, most commonly during IPOs. Criteria or basis for allotment lays out the following information:

The difference between the spot and futures prices forms the “basis” for the trading strategy. Hence the name basis trading. These are the two ways in which a trader may use the basis:

  • Share allocation ratio
  • Bids
  • Demand
  • Final price

The basis of allotment can vary based on the type of investor in question. Bidders during an IPO for whom a different basis of allotment applies include:

  • Retail Individual Investors (RII)
  • Qualified Institutional Buyer (QIB)
  • Non-Institutional Buyers (NIBs)
  • High Net-worth Individuals (HNIs)
  • Anchor Investors

Free Cash Flow

In accounting and earnings reports, free cash flow refers to the amount of money a company has after paying its maintenance expenses, salaries, utility expenses, and other operating expenses as well as capital expenditures.

The formula to calculate free cash flow: Operating Cash Flow − Capital Expenditures

Free cash flow is an important metric, especially for investors because it is a direct indicator of the financial competence of a company. For example, the amount of FCF a company has can decide whether it has enough cash to offer dividends, expand business, buy back shares, etc.



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Attention investors:

  1. Stock brokers can accept securities as margins from clients only by way of pledge in the depository system w.e.f September 01, 2020.
  2. Update your e-mail and phone number with your stock broker / depository participant and receive OTP directly from depository on your e-mail and/or mobile number to create pledge.
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